Metropolitan Pavlos of Sweden and All Scandinavia

This year is the fortieth anniversary of Metropolitan Dr. Pavlos Menevisoglou (Παῦλος Μενεβίσογλου) of Sweden and All Scandinavia. The Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Sweden and All Scandinavia was founded on August 12, 1969. Metropolitan Pavlos is a prominent scholar who is specialized in the history of Eastern Orthodox canon law and the history of Holy Myron in the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Metropolitan Pavlos of Sweden and All Scandinavia

Metropolitan Pavlos was born in Turkey in 1935. He was ordained to the diaconate in 1956 and graduated from Halki Seminary in 1958. After his graduation he served in the chancery of the Ecumenical Patriarchate until his election as metropolitan. He was ordained to the priesthood in 1970 and elected as metropolitan of Stockholm and All Scandinavia on April 30, 1974. He was ordained to the episcopate on May 12. He arrived in Sweden on July 4 and was installed as metropolitan on July 14.

Metropolitan Pavlos also chairs the Assembly of Orthodox Bishops of Scandinavia which was founded on January 10, 2010, in accordance with the pan-Orthodox decision from Chambésy in 2009.

Metropolitan Pavlos has been an active scholar and has published nine books and over fifty articles. He holds a doctorate in theology from the University of Thessaloniki. His doctoral dissertation, Τὸ ἅγιον Μύρον ἐν τῇ Ὀρθοδόξῳ Ἀνατολικῇ Ἐκκλησλίᾳ [Holy Myron in the Eastern Orthodox Church] (Thessaloniki: 1972; reprint 1983), is about the use of Holy Myron in the Eastern Orthodox Church. He has also written several articles on Holy Myron and published a second book on the subject: Μελετήματα περὶ ἁγίου Μύρου [Essays on Holy Myron] (Athens: 1999).

Apart from Holy Myron his research has been devoted to the history of Eastern Orthodox canon law. His research has been focused on historical criticism of the sources and collections of Eastern Orthodox canon law. But he has also to a certain degree dealt with textual criticism and theological criticism. His first major book on the history of canon law was Ἱστορικὴ εἰσαγωγὴ εἰς τοὺς κανόνας τῆς Ὀρθοδόξου Ἐκκληεσίας [Historical Introduction to the Canons of the Orthodox Church] (Stockholm: 1991). This handbook must be considered together with Prof. Spyros Troianos’ Οι πηγές του Βυζαντινού Δικαίου [The Sources of Byzantine Law] (3d ed. Athens: 2011) and Ιστορία του Δικάιου [Legal History] (4th ed. Athens: 2010) as required reading for any serious student of the history of Eastern Orthodox canon law. Last year Metropolitan Pavlos also published a concordance to the canons: Λεξικὸν τῶν ἱερῶν κανόνων [Lexicon of the Sacred Canons] (Katerini: 2013). This concordance is an important contribution to future research in Eastern Orthodox canon law.

But Metropolitan Pavlos greatest contribution to the history of Eastern Orthodox canon law has been his studies on the post-Byzantine Greek Orthodox collections of canon law. Apart from some brief studies by Friedrich August Biener, Karl Eduard Zachariä von Lingenthal, and Manuil Gedeon as well as a superficial study on the Pedalion by Ivan Nikolskii in the nineteenth century, this has been a neglected area of study. The research of Metropolitan Pavlos has resulted in four important books: Δύο πολύτιμα χειρόγραφα ἱερῶν κανόνων [Two Important Manuscripts of Sacred Canons] (Katerini: 2006); Αἱ ἐκδόσεις τῶν ἱερῶν κανόνων κατὰ τὸν 16ον καὶ 17ον αἰῶνα (1531-1672) [The Editions of Sacred Canons during the 16th and 17th Centuries (1531-1672)] (Katerini: 2007); Τὸ Πηδάλιον καὶ ἅλλαι ἐκδόσεις τῶν ἱερῶν κανόνων κατὰ τὸν 18ον αἰῶνα [The Rudder and Other Editions of Sacred Canons during the 18th Century] (Katerini: 2008); Τὸ Σύνταγμα Ράλλη καὶ Ποτλῆ καὶ ἅλλαι ἐκδόσεις τῶν ἱερῶν κανόνων κατὰ τὸν 19ον καὶ 20ὸν αἰῶνα [The Collection of Rallis and Potlis and Other Editions of Sacred Canons during the 19th and 20th Centuries] (Katerini: 2009). These studies analyze all the printed post-Byzantine editions and collections of canons as well as the manuscript tradition from which they derive.

Εις πολλά έτη Δέσποτα!

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